When bone is displaced or completely separated from a joint because the ligaments that hold the joint in place break, it is called luxation.
It is considered a subluxation when the separation is partial.
The shoulder joint of dogs is more mobile than all other main limb joints and after a luxation will need to be put back in its usual position and held in place so that the surrounding casing is able to heal.
Shoulder luxation in dogs is most often the result of trauma; for example, when the dog is hit by a car.
The sooner that a luxation is treated, the better the outcome will be for your dog.
The complete displacement or separation of the shoulder bone from its joint is a shoulder luxation.
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