Heatstroke in dogs can occur if they have no shade, ventilation, or water and, like humans, can be harmful.
This can also occur when they are out with you, e.g. B. after intense physical activity in warm weather or after stress or overexcitation.
What is heatstroke in dogs?
Heatstroke, or heat exhaustion, in dogs refers to high body temperature not caused by underlying medical conditions but rather by excessive exposure to environmental factors, mainly hot temperatures.
Heatstroke occurs because the dog’s body is unable to bring its temperature to normal levels just by panting.
Factors That Increase Dog Heat Stroke.
Obviously, you want to avoid the risk of heatstroke, but what should you watch out for to keep your dog healthy and happy during the summer months?
Factors that can increase the risk of heatstroke in dogs include:
- Lack of water
- Closed room
- Excessive humidity
- Intense exercise
- High age
- Cardiovascular disease or respiratory disease
- Lack of acclimatization
- Short-faced dog breeds such as boxers, bulldogs, pugs, and Pekingese, as well as dogs with heavy coats (such as huskies or Newfoundland dogs), are at particular risk of heatstroke.
Which breeds of dogs are at higher risk of developing heat stroke?
Short-faced dog breeds such as boxers, bulldogs, pugs, and Pekingese, as well as dogs with heavy coats (such as huskies or Newfoundland dogs), are at particular risk of heatstroke.
But all types of dogs can suffer from heat exhaustion if the conditions are right.
Signs of heatstroke in dogs.
No matter how carefully you take care of your dog, there is always the possibility that the unexpected will happen. Here are some signs of heatstroke in dogs to watch out for just in case:
- Heavy panting
- Difficulty breathing (especially if your dog already has difficulty breathing)
- Profuse salivation
- Elevated temperature (40.5 ° C or higher)
- Blood in his urine
- Nosebleeds (and other bleeding problems)
- Ultimately, breakdown and coma
Avoid heatstroke in dogs.
If it’s hot outside, don’t worry – there is a lot you can do to make sure your dog stays healthy during the summer months.
Keep your dog hydrated.
An easy way to keep your dog cool and comfortable is to provide plenty of shade and freshwater to keep them hydrated all summer.
If your dog is with you on a trip, remember to bring water and a towel with you.
A wet towel is an easy, effective, and comfortable way for your dog to cool off and will help you avoid an episode of dog heat exhaustion.
Avoid traveling during the hottest times of the day to make it even easier for your dog.
This way you can both rest easy.
Avoid driving and leave dogs in the car.
As you look forward to the summer months so you can travel with your dog, be aware that being limited to a car or other poorly ventilated enclosure, regardless of your best intentions, can be fatal to dogs as cars get very hot quickly.
For this reason, it is very important that you never leave your dog in the car, even if it seems safe at this point, as heat and lack of air can cause heatstroke in the dog – and owners are a criminal offense.
If the outside temperature is 26 ° C, the inside of a car will reach 32 ° C in five minutes and 43 ° C in 25 minutes!
This means that even a few minutes can be too much.
The easiest thing to do is not to take your dog into a hot car so that you have less to worry about.
Dog exercise in cool weather.
Your dog may exercise a little too much on hot days or on warm, humid nights.
So avoid the hottest times of the day.
The best time for them to have fun dog exercise is either in the morning (especially if you’re both early risers) or in the evening for night owls.
If your dog is lucky enough to have a nice thick, heavy coat, he will be especially lucky not to be able to go out in the middle of the day.
Regardless of what coat your dog has, it is best to avoid vigorous exercise in hot weather, as your friend can develop heatstroke in the dog in just 30 minutes.
What else can you do to keep your dog cool?
Avoid leaving your dog in direct sunlight outdoors to keep them cool.
You’ll be a lot happier in the shade.
While going out is fun for you and your dog, reconsider attending busy outdoor events on hot summer days.
Treatment of heatstroke in dogs.
If you think your dog may have heatstroke, don’t panic.
The best you can do is act calmly and quickly.
Follow these steps and hopefully, he’ll be back on his paws soon!
- Take your dog from the heat to a cool or shaded area, or in an air conditioner to cool him down.
- Spray or sponge your dog’s body with cold (but not cold) water, making sure the water touches the skin and doesn’t just run off the fur. Thoroughly wet your stomach and legs.
- Using a fan is another great way to lower your dog’s temperature.
- Don’t immerse your dog in cold water or an ice bath as this will actually prevent the (central) core temperature from dropping.
- Gently massage your legs and body to improve outward circulation. Remember, animals with heatstroke can bruise easily. Hence, it is best to exercise caution.
- When the temperature returns to 39.4 ° C, stop the cool-down process to make sure you don’t cool your dog down as this can lead to hypothermia.
- Gently towel dries your dog. If they are conscious, give them small amounts of water to improve hydration.
Most importantly, see a veterinarian as soon as possible, as heatstroke can be fatal in dogs.
Contact the nearest veterinarian directly.
In the event of heat stroke, your vet is the best person to help.
With this in mind, heatstroke in dogs is very serious, but it can also be easily avoided.
With proper care and attention, your dog will stay healthy and happy, and most importantly, enjoy a great and hassle-free summer with you!