Our relationship with dogs is unique, just as there is no other bond between humans and other species. How to establish this connection is still open, but recent discoveries have given us a glimpse of the origin of dogs.
A brief history of dogs and humans
Dogs evolved from wolves, which has been widely accepted among scientists, but the exact time and place of the origin of modern dogs is a mystery. As far as we know, the evolution from wolf to dog may have occurred 20,000 to 40,000 years ago. Some evidence even suggests that the evolution of dogs from wolves began 100,000 years ago.
To date, the oldest discovery of a dog fossil is a skull found in a Siberian cave in Russia in 1975. In 2013, radiocarbon dating revealed that the skull was 33,000 years old. According to this report, this dog is on the cusp of extinction. The fossil shows wolf teeth, but other analysis shows that the animal is most similar to Tibetan M, Newfoundland and Siberian Eskimos.
Curiously, this fossil has no similarities with other fossils found in Russia at the time. This is important because it implies that this dog is related to people of other breeds for the first time. What this means to researchers is that modern dogs may not be descendants of multiple groups in Europe and Asia, rather than having a single birthplace as suggested by previous DNA evidence.
Thousands of years later, evidence showed that the ancient Egyptians were the first dog breed in history. The Egyptians would breed their dogs for hunting, guarding and warfare.
Ancient China may be the next area to breed dogs. In China, dogs breed like lions and are an important religious symbol of Buddhism. For example, Tibetan and Chow Chow.
In recent history, 18day The century introduced purebred dogs as a status symbol in Europe. At 19day In the mid-1920s, middle-class dog breeds became a fashion hobby.day Cross breeding became popular in the century. Today, dogs are the most diverse animals on the planet, with more than 300 breeds.
Early interaction between dogs and people
There are multiple theories about how dogs and humans were intertwined in the first place. We can know with certainty that packs of wolves went through thousands of years of evolution before becoming the dogs we know and love today.
The earliest interactions between dogs and people can probably be traced back to curious wolves, who followed groups of people to eat their food scraps. As these bolder, but non-threatening wolves continue to adapt to humans, they may begin to protect new friends in a symbiotic relationship.
Susan Crockford, an anthropologist and zoo archaeologist at the University of Victoria, said: “The somewhat curious but less frightened “first founders” become more so when they cross each other.
Compared with wolves, the first dogs became smaller, with wider skulls and larger cat litters. This process was initially carried out in China, Europe and the Middle East.
Become man’s best friend from the beginning
In 1914, Bonn, Germany, discovered the oldest known tomb, burying dogs and people together. 114 years later, a new study shows that these remains date back to 14,000 years of the Paleolithic period. This dog is just a puppy, and research shows that this puppy has been domesticated and is well taken care of. It also showed that the puppy became ill at 19 weeks of age and died at 28 weeks.
The fact that this puppy survived for 9 weeks when suffering from a serious illness proved that these early humans were doing their best to take care of the dog.
“We suggest that at least some Paleolithic people not only viewed some of their material in terms of material value, but also had a strong emotional connection with these animals,” co-authored with Liane Giemsch about The person who studied this puppy said. , Applicable to National Geographic.
Usually, natural selection involves the survival of the strongest members of the species, and sometimes even the most despicable members. But in dogs, the situation may be the opposite. In their book Dog genius, Dr. Brian Hare and Vanessa Woods wrote about how dogs adopt us, not the other way around. When wolves begin to approach humans to eat their food scraps, instead of survival of the fittest, this is the most friendly survival. Wolves that are aggressive to humans may be killed, but wolves that are not threatening may continue to wander the camp.
The evolution of these friendly wolves into domestic dogs eventually led to physical and psychological changes. As they become more adapted to human gestures and show their usefulness as protectors and hunters, the bond between dogs and humans continues to grow stronger.
Friendliness causes strange things to happen in wolves. They started to look different. Domestication gave them mottled coats, floppy ears, and wagging tails. In several generations, these friendly wolves will become very unique compared to their more aggressive relatives. But these changes not only affected their appearance. Their psychology has also changed. These prototype dogs developed the ability to read human gestures. “- Dog genius
It is fascinating that modern dogs are the product of tens of thousands of years of nurturing relationships. We should never think how incredible dogs are in listening, learning, and sometimes seeming to read our thoughts.
Every dog has a lot of potential waiting to be released, and there are so many dogs that need our help, and even have the opportunity to show this potential.
If you are cautious about adopting a dog, please don’t hesitate. We are here to assist you in every step of the adoption process.