Eclampsia (also referred to as milk fever and hypocalcemia) refers to a drop in calcium levels of the blood in nursing mother dogs.
This is caused when the parathyroid gland (the gland responsible for controlling calcium levels) is not active enough.
It most commonly occurs one to five weeks after giving birth, which is a peak in the lactation cycle.
In some cases, eclampsia can occur during birth, giving way to possible complications.
Eclampsia is such a problem in nursing mothers because the body is unable to keep up with the calcium being taken from the mother’s body to provide for the young.
This condition is more commonly seen when there is a large litter.
It is also more likely in small breeds, specifically affecting English setters, Italian Spinone, Chihuahuas, Miniature Pinschers, Shih-Tzus, miniature poodles, and Mexican hairless dogs, though the can condition can develop for any dog.
Eclampsia is a condition in nursing mothers where calcium levels in the bloodstream drop.
While eclampsia is most common after giving birth, it can also occur before birth and while giving birth.
Eclampsia is caused when there is more calcium being taken through the lactation process than the mother has in her body and is receiving through her diet.
This is typically caused by poor diet and large litters.
Some symptoms include tremors, weakness, hyperthermia, and others, up to and including death.
Eclampsia is treated by IV administration of calcium; symptoms may require separate treatment as well.
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