You may have heard that garlic is a natural flea repellent for dogs. Or maybe you’ve heard that garlic is completely poisonous to dogs. It can be difficult to find out if garlic is safe for dogs. So we asked our vet, Joanna Woodnutt, to look at both sides of the story.
Is Garlic Poisonous to Dogs?
Garlic was definitely related to disease in dogs. It is widely considered poisonous by most veterinarians and poison centers. The good news is that it is rarely fatal. But affected dogs are often very sick and need supportive veterinary care. Garlic contains five known toxic compounds for dogs. They’re mostly the same toxins as onions, which are thiosulfates. These can cause an upset stomach, damage your dog’s red blood cells and cause anemia.
What types of garlic are poisonous?
Raw and cooked cloves and bulbs of garlic are available toxic to dogs. Wild garlic is also considered poisonous. Garlic powder is just as toxic as liquid garlic preparation. In other words, if it contains garlic, it should probably be avoided. As we delve into this topic, all allies are considered toxic to dogs – including onions, chives, and leeks – and cats and horses can be poisoned by these ingredients as well.
What happens when a dog eats garlic?
As with any toxic dog food, it depends on how much you ate. In clinical studies, it has been reported that it takes about 15 to 30 grams per kilogram of body weight to see serious adverse effects (provided your dog is not allergic to garlic). This means they need to eat quite a bit of garlic before they notice any major negative side effects.
Garlic has a complicated mechanism of action. With this term, we describe how it does harm. First, it can irritate the mouth and intestines. It will cause drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. However, if you don’t see these signs, it doesn’t mean your dog is safe. garlic contains the thiosulfates bis-2-propenyl trisulfide and bis-2-propenyl thiosulfonate among other.
These compounds interfere with your dog’s ability to reverse damage to their hemoglobin. This is the connection in your dog’s red blood cells that carries oxygen. The damaged hemoglobin cannot carry oxygen, but it also makes your dog’s red blood cells very fragile. They burst and break apart in a process called hemolysis. In other words, large amounts of thiosulfates in garlic will dissolve your dog’s red blood cells.
This means your dog is likely to become anemic. Your gums and inner eyelids are likely a little pale or even jaundiced. You could also feel easier and out of breath get weak and sluggish. The body realizes that not enough oxygen is being pumped, and it also speeds up the heart rate and breathing rate.
Garlic also contains compounds that relax the heart muscles and widen blood vessels. This lowers the blood pressure. This will further increase your dog’s heart rate and make it difficult to pump blood.
Can a Dog Die Eating Garlic?
Yes, in theory. In practice, however, a dog rarely dies of garlic as long as it has veterinary assistance. A few days after the red blood cells are damaged, the body begins to make new red blood cells. As long as she don’t eat garlic anymore, These red blood cells should be normal and the dog will recover.
Of course, the more garlic your dog eats, the more severe the symptoms will be. If left undiagnosed and untreated, it is not impossible for it to become fatal. It is known that certain breeds are more sensitive to garlic.
In my experience, Japanese breeds are also more likely to have severe symptoms when consuming garlic, although it is not clear why this is so.
My dog ate garlic: what should I do?
If your dog is eating a small amount of garlic (like a single clove) and not eating it regularly, you probably don’t need to worry. You can watch them closely and look out for signs of an upset stomach or pale gums – but remember that it is possible It takes several days for it to become obvious. However, if your dog decides to eat multiple cloves, or if they are small, of Japanese ancestry, or if they have been using garlic supplements for a while, it is a good idea to follow the steps below.
Step 1: Prevent Your Dog from Eating More Garlic
The last thing you want to do is realize that you ate more garlic while you weren’t looking. So if something does spill, lock your dog up and clear the mess quickly so that other pets are not at risk.
Step 2: Call your veterinarian right away
Your vet is the best person to advise you on the next steps. They may recommend that you make your dog sick or prescribe activated charcoal to help absorb the toxin and help your dog pass it through without the toxic compounds being absorbed into the body.
Step 3: Take your dog to the vet if advised
If your dog has eaten enough garlic to worry your vet or is showing symptoms, hospitalization may be required. Oxygen therapy is usually required because the red blood cells that are still functioning can transport more oxygen with less effort. Powerful antioxidants are usually given to help red blood cells fight off the effects of garlic. IV fluids and even blood transfusions are sometimes required in dogs who have severe anemia from consuming garlic.
Healthy alternatives to garlic
There are many healthier alternatives to garlic that you can give your pup. If you are looking for different types of fruits or vegetables that will make a quick and healthy snack, we recommend testing the following:
- sweet potato
Other frequently asked questions
Below are some more frequently asked questions we hear about garlic from dog owners. If you feel like we missed something, drop us a line in the comments!
What if my dog eats garlic bread?
Garlic bread is usually good. Unless raw garlic cloves are used in the production of garlic bread, this should not be a problem for your dog. Most garlic bread is made commercially and a powder is used to create the garlic flavor. If you make and use it from scratch raw garlic clovesUnless he’s allergic, your dog would need to consume a significant amount to cause problems.
What if my dog eats garlic powder?
Again, this depends on how much. A small amount of garlic powder consumed is unlikely to cause any problems, while a whole bottle will. We always recommend Contact your veterinarian and if your dog shows erratic behavior it is recommended that you take him to the vet right away.
What happens if my dog eats a clove of garlic?
This depends on the amount consumed. A full bulb of garlic contains only about 7 grams of garlic. So your pup would have to eat two full onions to get into the area where it is poisonous. If your puppy has eaten a small clove of garlic, the chances are they’ll be fine. Again, we recommend contacting your veterinarian for more information.
Why do they put garlic in dog food?
Confusingly, garlic is believed to have some health benefits and in very small doses is believed to be safe. The main problem is that very few beneficial effects of garlic have been shown and those that have been studied in people who do not have the same problems with garlic as dogs.
In addition, studies have now shown that garlic poisoning can occur with both small doses over time and large, one-off doses. So why garlic and garlic oil? used in dog food? Just like oatmeal, garlic and garlic oil taste good. And so far there haven’t been any major problems feeding this very, very low dose. Because of this, they kept doing it.
Similar to grapes, garlic is poisonous to dogs. However, it is probably okay for your puppy to consume a very small amount. Unless you have a very small dog or a Japanese breed, you probably do You don’t have to rush to the vet when they sneak a single carnation as a one-off. But you should definitely try to keep garlic consumption to a minimum. If it’s already in your food, don’t add it any further or you risk tipping it over the top.
While there seems to be a lot of arguments on the internet for whether or not garlic is safe, it is a good idea to consider who is making the argument. Supplement companies and some food companies say garlic is safe. And they would because they want to sell you some of their products.
Veterinarians and poison centers say it’s not safe. This is because they gain nothing from it. Since there are many good foods and flea prevention options that don’t contain garlic, I would recommend avoiding any potential risk and avoiding garlic altogether. Sorry, Fido – no more garlic bread for you!
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