If you or a loved one has a dog allergy it can be very frustrating and you may feel like you are missing out on the unwavering love a dog offers. For those unfortunate enough to have an allergy, you may have heard of hypoallergenic dog breeds. These dog breeds are often recommended because they don’t shed hair or produce less protein, which can cause allergic reactions in humans.
But is there really such a thing as a hypoallergenic dog? Read on to find out what actually causes allergic reactions in dogs and which breeds are best for you.
What are hypoallergenic dog breeds?
Hypoallergenic dog breeds usually come in two different varieties: the first is a dog with little or no hair, like the hairless Chinese Crested, and the other is a breed that does not shed its fur and whose fur needs to be cut or regularly stripped.
There is much debate about what exactly causes dog allergies, and many people believe that the allergy is in the hair, so dogs that don’t shed won’t cause allergic reactions. However, this is not the case since most people with dog allergies are not actually allergic to the fur. Usually, it’s either dog dander – microscopic particles of skin that peel off from any animal with fur or feathers – or a specific protein found in dog dander, saliva, and urine. All dogs produce this protein, but hypoallergenic dog breeds produce less, which means they are less likely to cause allergic reactions.
Despite claims, there is actually no such thing as a fully hypoallergenic dog breed. If you or a family member has a canine allergy, it is recommended that you spend time with the breed you have chosen first to see if they trigger allergies.
The following hypoallergenic dog breeds that do not shed may be suitable for those with allergies:
1. Bichon Frize
This small, fun-loving pooch has curly white fur that is more likely to grow than shed. Not only do they hardly drool, but their thick fur also traps loose hair and flakes of skin. This doesn’t come out until the fur has been removed. Regular grooming is therefore essential to maintain the coat.
The Bichon Frize is very adaptable to a number of situations and if you live in an apartment these dogs can adapt relatively easily. The affectionate and lovable attitude of the breed makes them perfect for family dogs. Interestingly, although her name is from Tenerife, it means fluffy white dog in French!
2. Border Terrier
One of the most popular terrier breeds, a Border terrier The thick and wiry coat makes them a great choice for a breed of dog that doesn’t shed. However, your coat must be professionally taken off once or twice a year. So keep that in mind.
Border Terriers are extremely popular because of their calm, yet adventurous personality. They will love to snuggle up with you on the sofa the weekends, but they are always ready for a new adventure too, which makes them an ideal family dog.
3. Chinese Crested
The Chinese Crested is a hypoallergenic dog breed that comes in two flavors: hairless and fully coated. The fully coated breed is double coated, not potted, and requires regular grooming, while the more popular hairless breed has very little hair, making them ideal for people with dog hair allergies.
If you do get a Chinese Crested dog with lighter skin, note that you need to make sure he wears a lightweight cotton coat in full sunshine to protect his sensitive skin from burns.
poodle There are three sizes. Whether you’re looking for a small, medium, or large dog, there is a poodle that will suit your needs. They have non-shed curly coats that require professional grooming to keep them under control. Some owners opt for an extravagant style most commonly seen in show rings, while others simply cut their coat down to a manageable level.
Poodle crosses like the Labradoodle and Cockapoo have grown in popularity in recent years due to their hypoallergenic claims. However, it’s worth noting that these crossbreeds are hypoallergenic dogs only if they inherit the fur from their Poodle ancestry.
5. Portuguese water dog
The Portuguese water dog soared when Obama adopted one during his presidency. His beloved pooches Bo and Sunny were actually chosen because his daughter has a canine allergy and the Portuguese Water Dog is a hypoallergenic breed of dog!
Bred to be a fishing helper, this medium-sized breed has a single layer of tight curls that are non-shed and waterproof. If they don’t have an undercoat, their coat needs regular maintenance. Their fur is most commonly groomed in one of two styles: the retriever clip or the lion clip to keep the fur in top condition.