Dog Training 

10 Dog Breeds and Their Original Purpose

portuguese water dog

I thought this would be the perfect place to start our list.

The Portuguese Water Dog is a fascinating breed. Almost every dog, except for the next breed on this list, was bred to help humans, mostly to find food.

It’s unclear when the Portuguese Water Dog was first bred, but the first written evidence we have dates back to 1297. During this period, Portuguese water dogs were found on the Portuguese coast, where fishermen valued them for a variety of reasons: companionship, as guards, and most importantly, as helpful little fishing dogs. If a fisherman needs to retrieve a lost net or tackle, the Porties will happily jump into the water to bring back their lost cargo. They will also help put the school of fish into the net.

As you would expect from an all-rounder dog like the Portuguese Water Dog, this breed is brilliant and a willing learner, eager to please his owner. The modern PWG can be traced back to the exact date of May 1, 1937 when the first litter was born at the Algarbiorum kennel in Portugal. America will have to wait another 30 years to see this historic breed.

pug

Unlike most of the breeds on this list, pugs are bred exclusively for pets. Pugs originated in ancient China and were bred to be members of the royal family. Pugs are protected and cared for and are seen as a status symbol in China. In the end, they were at 16th century, and later to North America, where they continued to breed as companions.

Dalmatians

Another breed once seen as a status symbol, the Dalmatian’s role has changed dramatically throughout its history.

Dalmatia was originally used as a war dog guarding the borders of Dalmatia, one of Croatia’s four historical regions. When Dalmatians came to England, they were bred to protect horses and trainers. Dalmatians that trot with their trainers have earned the nickname “Dalmatian Trainer Dogs.”

In 1890, the first Dalmatian club was formed in England, and the breed’s standard became the official standard. Modern Dalmatians are loving, loyal and exceptionally intelligent.

Pomeranian

Looking at a cute little Pomeranian today, I was shocked to learn that they were originally bred as sled dogs in the 16th centuryth century. Back then, Pomeranians were much larger than they are today.

Those who have been around a Pomeranian will tell you that this breed is bigger in behavior than it is. This seems to be the case with most Chihuahuas too, so it could just be puppy syndrome, or it could be that Pomeranians still think they’re big sled dogs.

Pomeranians are the perfect puppy these days. They are intelligent and very content to spend as much time with their owners as possible – while constantly being pampered, of course.

German Shepherd

Did you know that German Shepherds are made to herd sheep. However, there are many more stories about how German Shepherds grew up.

In the 1800s, German shepherds crossed many different dogs to create a breed that was intelligent, fast, athletic and had a good sense of smell.

Due to extensive crossbreeding, there are many varieties of shepherds, but while attending a dog show in 1899, Max von Stephanitz spotted a German shepherd that we recognize today. He believed that dogs should be bred for work, and this dog embodies the intelligence, strength and obedience he believes represent the perfect working dog.

Max von Stephanitz is also a member of an association dedicated to standardizing dog breeds in Germany. After buying his new dog, von Stephanitz declared that it was the first true German Shepherd, and when society added it to their breed register, it became official.

German Shepherds would go on to aid the American war effort in World War II. They are also often seen as police dogs. So thanks and congratulations to Mr. Max von Stephanitz for establishing one of the most sought-after varieties of work today.

welsh corgi

Two types of corgis: the usually tailless Pembroke and the cardigan, were originally bred for cattle herding.

The cute little corgis are cow herders, which didn’t make much sense when I first read it, but when you imagine those little guys running and biting the heels of the cows, everything clicks.

collie

The Collie family consists of a group of herders, including Australian Cattle Dogs, Shetland Sheepdogs, and Border Collies. Sheepdogs are believed to have originated in northern England and Scotland, and have shown remarkable ability to herd a variety of animals, including sheep, cattle and ducks.

Great Dane

Great Danes have existed in various forms for thousands of years throughout Egypt, Europe and China. More recently, Great Danes bred in Europe were bred to hunt wild boars. Killing a wild boar means coming face to face with an extremely dangerous animal, so only the strongest of hounds can bring it down. The tall, strong Great Dane was the only dog ​​in Europe that could successfully hunt wild boars, and it took hundreds of Danes for the German emperor to kill one wild boar.

Fortunately, the modern Great Dane has been bred to be a friendlier and less aggressive dog since boar hunting is a thing of the past.

Rhodesian Ridgeback

The Rhodesian Ridgeback sounds as ferocious as it was bred because these dogs were originally bred to hunt lions and other large animals in South Africa.

Today’s Rhodesian Ridgebacks continue to have a strong desire to chase their prey and are more independent than other dogs. They are very protective of their owners and are very affectionate towards those they trust.

st bernard

The breed’s history begins around 1050, when an Augustinian monk named St. Bernard established a hospice and monastery at what is now known as the Great St. Bernard’s Pass. Located at 8,000 feet above sea level, the Great St. Bernard Pass is a 49-mile route through the Western Alps.

In the late 1600s, the monks of the Great St. Bernard Hospice brought dogs descended from mastiffs as watchdogs and companions. About 100 years later, these dogs began to be used to accompany travelers and help clear roads in the snow. It was then discovered that these dogs have a great sense of smell and how useful they are for finding lost travelers buried in the snow. St. Bernards are even smart enough to lie on top of them to keep warm when they spot a lost traveler until rescue arrives.

For the next 150 years, the St. Bernard flourished as a rescue dog, saving more than 2,000 lives before the last recorded recovery mission in 1897.

The bottom line of dog breeds

While these dogs are bred for specific purposes and tend to exhibit specific characteristics, each dog is unique and you should never judge a dog by its breed. Every dog ​​goes through its own life journey, which shapes what it will look like in the future. Regardless of breed, your dog is an individual with a unique personality. To find your unique canine soulmate, visit our homepage and do the research to match a rescue dog that fits your personality and lifestyle.

 

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